"Speak English!" said the eaglet. " I don't know the meaning of half those long words, and , what's more, I don't believe you do either!"
                           -Alice in Wonderland Lewis Carrol
What is a word?

Can you give me the same concept as word but in a different language
for example:  "logos"  in Greek?
 
 
 

The high ranking and the elite from the Serbian military are sending their wives and children abroad. NATO reported today, saying that this proves that the Serbian military is beginning to waiver in their support of Mr. Milosovic.

Do you agree with NATO's reasoning?
 

1. What makes a good argument?

2. Can you give me some examples of different techniques or strategies used in debating?

3. Do spurious arguments work?

4. Who needs to persuade?
 
 

If you concede that the first statement is true what can you tell me about the others (true, false, unknown)

a. Only angels are women.
1. No women are angels.
2. Few women are not angels.
3. Many women are angels

b. Most EM Lyon students like Techno music.
1. few students like Techno
2. Every student likes Techno.
3. No students like Techno

c. Racists will be brought to trial.
1. few racists will face prosecution.
2. Racists are never subject to legal proceedings
3. Most racists will be prosecuted

d.  No students are on time for their classes
1. a few students are not late for class
2. if a person is on time for class then he or she is the professor
3. those people who are tardy are students

e. Only Socialists are optimists
1. All who are optimists are members of the Socialist party.
2. Many of the optimists are Socialists.
3. Hardly any of the optimists are Socialists

f. Every professor is not brilliant.
1. Professors are never smart.
2. Most professors are geniuses.
3. Every professor is astute.

g. Entrepreneurs are often found in the computer sector.
1. Entrepreneurs are seldom found in the computer sector.
2. Entrepreneurs are never found in the computer sector.
3. Entrepreneurs are always found in the computer sector.

h. Artists are never tolerable.
1. Those who are artists are intolerable.
2. Quite a few artists are not intolerable
3. Some artists are tolerable

warrant  n. 1. Authorization or certification; sanction, as given by a superior. 2. Justification for an action or a belief; grounds. 3. Something that provides assurance or confirmation; a guarantee or proof. 4. An order that serves as authorization, especially: a. A voucher authorizing payment or receipt of money. b. Law. A judicial writ authorizing an officer to make a search, a seizure, or an arrest or to execute a judgment. 5.a. A warrant officer. b. A certificate of appointment given to a warrant officer.